In this tutorial you will learn about Computer Language, Types of Computer language, Computer Programming languages etc.
The different kinds of languages have been developed to perform various types of work on the computer. The two major types of programming languages are Low-Level Languages and High-Level Languages. We learn all these types of languages and we also learn types of these languages.
What is Computer Language?
A computer language is a formal language used to communicate with a computer, it makes connection with user and machine (computer).
What is Computer Programming Language?
Computer Programming Languages are one kinds of a computer languages, and are used in computer programming to implement algorithms. A programming language is a set of rules that converts strings, or graph program elements, to the various kinds of machine code output.
Simply you can say, Computer programming language is a computer language are used to develop software, script or other sets of instruction are knows as programming languages.
Types of Computer Programming Language; –
Two manor types of programming languages are;
- Low-Level Language
- High-Level Language
It is a programming language that deals with a computer’s hardware and its configuration. It is very close to the computer’s native language. It is further divided into machine and Assembly languages.
Machine Language –
Machine Language consists of binary digits or bits. It can directly understand by the computer and does not need a translator program. It is also called the machine code.
Advantage and Disadvantage of Machine Language;
|Program run fast.||Difficult to program.|
|No translation program is required.||Debugging is also an issue.|
Assembly Language –
Assembly language is also known as Symbolic Programming Language.
It is a combination of letters and numbers forms the Assembly language and a translator program is required to translate to the machine language. The operation codes and operands are given in the form of alphanumeric symbols which are known as mnemonic codes and can combine in a maximum of five-letter combinations, e.g., SUB for Subtract, ADD for Addition etc.
Advantage and Disadvantage of Assembly Language;
|Easier to understand and minimizes effort.||It is machine dependent. (Program is not run in other computers)|
|Finding and correcting the errors are easy.||Writing of code is time-consuming.|
A high-level language is a programming language that enables a programmer to write programs independently. Such languages are closer to human languages. Higher level languages are simple languages that use English and mathematical symbols like +, -, *, / etc.
Examples – C, C++, COBAL, FORTRAN, ALGOL, PASCAL, PROLOG, BASIC
BASIC – Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (BASIC), it was developed for students to write simple computer programs. It was designed by John Kemeney and Thomas Kurtz in 1963.
ALGOL – ALGOL is a shot form of Algorithmic Language. It is a family of portable programming languages for scientific computations.
PROLOG – Prolog is used widely for artificial intelligence applications, particularly expert systems.
PASCAL – PASCAL is used to tech programming techniques. It was developed by Niklaus Wirth.
C – C is a general – purpose programming languages is used many scientific programming solutions.
COBAL – Common Business Oriented Language is the full form of COBAL. It is used for business and administrative purpose. It can be read like regular English.
C++ – It is an Object-Oriented Programming Language and incorporates all the features offered by C, it is a superset of the C language.
Advantage and Disadvantage of High-Level Language;
|Simple to use.||Need time for translating.
|User friendly.||Occupies more memory.|
|Time management is easy.||Hardware control is less.|
So, in this tutorial you learned all about computer languages and computer programming languages, types of programming languages and also learned advantages and disadvantages of its, I hope you learned better and learn new something, if you have any doubt and confusion, please ask in the comment section, we will try to answer your doubt.
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