Generation of Computer 1st to 5th with Details
Generation of Computer 1st to 5th with Examples and Pictures.
In this tutorial you will learn the generation of Computer, you know the total generation of computer is five and we using now fifth generation of computers.
Here in this tutorial, you learn all the generations of computer with definition, session, pictures and examples of all the generations of computers.
First Generation of Computer – (1946- 1959)
The first-generation computers were used Vacuum Tubes
as the electronic components. They occupied a very large space of area and performed computations in milliseconds. In Vacuum Tube machine languages are used.
Examples: – EDVAC, EDSAC, IBM- 701, UNIVAC, IBM- 650.
Second Generation Computes – (1959- 1965)
The second-generation computers are Transistors, it replaced the first-generation of compute Vacuum Tube. In Transistors the assembly language and batch processing operating system are used, Magnetic cores and magnetic tapes were used as storage.
Examples: – IBM- 1620, IBM- 7094, CDC- 3600, CDC- 1604.
Third Generation Computers – (1965- 1971)
The third-generation computer are Integrated Circuit (ICs), it replaced the second- generation compute Transistors. They performed computation in Nanoseconds. It used heigh-level languages like FORTRAN, PASCAL, COBAL, ALGO-68, BASIC was used. In this generation, remote processing, time-sharing, multi-programming operating system were used.
Examples: – IBM- 360, Honeywell-6000 Series, PDP, IBM-370/168.
Fourth Generation Computers – (1971- 1980)
The fourth-generation computers are used Vary Large Scale Integrated (VLSI)
circuits. Semi-conductor devices are as primary memory. Magnetic disks are used as secondary storage. Problem-oriented fourth generation language (4GL) are used. In fourth generation computer (VLSI) Multi-processing and multiprogramming operating system are used. VLSI circuits having 5000 transistors and other circuit elements with their associated circuit on a single ship made it possible to have microcomputer of fourth generation computer.
Examples: – Apple Series – I & II, IBM 4341, STAR 1000, DEC 10, PUP 11.
Fifth Generation Computers – (1980- Present Using)
The fifth-generation computer use Ultra Large Scale Integrated (ULSI)
chips that contain millions of components on a single chip. They are in the development stage which is based on the artificial intelligence. These computers can also response to natural language input. Biochips will be used as memory devices and KIPS (Knowledge-based Information Processing System) architecture will be used in fifth generation computers.
It was to be the result of a government research project in Japan during 1980.
Examples: – Supercomputers, Robots
So, in this tutorial you learned the all generations of computes. With examples of computers types in generations. I hope you read this well and learn something from this tutorial (Generations of Computer)
Here, summery of all the Generations of Compute;
All Generations of Computer: –
- First Generation Computer – Vacuum Tube
- Second Generation Compute – Transistors
- Third Generation Computer – Integrated Circuits (ICs)
- Fourth Generation Computer – Very Large Scale Integrated (VLSI)
- Fifth Generation Computer – Ultra Large Scale Integrated (ULSI)
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